Using research evidence: a practice guide
NESTA’s guide to using research evidence to inform decisions in policy and practice.Key Concepts addressed:
- 1-2 体験談は信憑性のないエビデンス
- 1-3 関連性と因果関係は同じではない
- 2-1 治療効果を特定するためには比較が必要です
- 2-2 比較群は同等でなければなりません
- 2-5 自分がどの治療を受けたのかを知るべきではありません
- 2-8 関連する公正な比較はすべて検討してください
- 2-9 公正な比較のレビューは系統的である必要があります
- 2-13 効果の相対的な測定は誤解を招く可能性があります
- 2-11 公正な比較および転帰はすべて報告する必要があります
Research evidence can help you understand what works, where, why and for whom. It can also tell you what doesn’t work, and you can avoid repeating the failures of others by learning from
evaluations of unsuccessful programmes.
Evidence also challenges what we might think is common sense. For instance, it may sound like a good idea to increase the amount of police on the streets to reduce crime or to reduce classroom sizes – but the evidence doesn’t necessarily support this. More uniformed police patrolling the streets might make the public feel safer, but it can actually take police away from solving crimes. Despite this, the majority of political leaflets and manifestos in the 2015 UK
General Election still claimed that increasing police numbers on the street would reduce crime. Politicians ignored the evidence.
This guide was written by Jonathan Breckon, edited by Isobel Roberts and produced by Nesta’s Innovation Skills team.